Second Biggest Waterfall In Africa

Summary: Victoria Falls is the biggest waterfall in Africa and one of the most impressive waterfalls in the world. It is located on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe and attracts millions of visitors every year. In this article, we will explore the history and geography of Victoria Falls, as well as its unique flora and fauna, cultural significance, and the various activities that tourists can enjoy while visiting.

1. Geography and History

Victoria Falls was first discovered by Westerners in the mid-19th century and was given its name by the Scottish explorer David Livingstone, who named it after Queen Victoria. The falls are situated on the Zambezi River and form the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. They are approximately 1.7 kilometres wide and have a height of 108 metres, making them the largest waterfall in Africa and one of the largest in the world.

The falls are surrounded by a humid rainforest, which is home to a diverse range of plant and animal species. The area around Victoria Falls was once inhabited by the Makololo people, who were displaced in the late 19th century by European settlers.

Today, the falls are a popular tourist destination and are protected by both the Zimbabwean and Zambian governments. They have been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site and attract millions of visitors annually.

2. Flora and Fauna

The rainforest surrounding Victoria Falls is home to a wide variety of plant and animal species, many of which are unique to the area. The most prominent plant species in the rainforest is the mopane tree, which can grow up to 20 metres tall and provides food and shelter for many animals, including elephants, zebras, and giraffes.

The rainforest is also home to a variety of bird species, including the African fish eagle, the trumpeter hornbill, and the pied kingfisher. In addition to birds, the rainforest is home to several primate species, such as baboons and vervet monkeys.

Victoria Falls is also home to several endangered species, including the sable antelope and the black rhinoceros. Conservation efforts are underway to protect these animals and their habitats.

3. Cultural Significance

The area around Victoria Falls has been inhabited for thousands of years and has played an important role in the culture and history of the region. The indigenous Makololo people believed that the falls were the home of the spirit Nyaminyami, who was said to have the power to control the river.

European settlers arrived in the area in the late 19th century and established trading posts and missions. The falls became a popular destination for tourists in the early 20th century, and several lodges and hotels were built in the area.

Today, the falls are still an important cultural and economic hub for the region, attracting visitors from all over the world and providing employment opportunities for local communities.

4. Tourist Activities

Victoria Falls offers a wide variety of tourist activities, including hiking, game drives, and helicopter tours. Visitors can also take a dip in Devil’s Pool, a natural pool located at the edge of the falls that provides stunning views of the surrounding area.

Bungee jumping and white-water rafting are also popular activities, and visitors can take a guided tour of the falls or explore the rainforest on their own.

In addition to adventure activities, there are also several luxury lodges and hotels in the area, offering visitors a chance to relax and unwind after a day of exploration.

5. Environmental Challenges

Despite its natural beauty and cultural significance, Victoria Falls is facing several environmental challenges. Pollution from nearby towns and agricultural practices is threatening the health of the Zambezi River and the surrounding ecosystem.

In addition, climate change is causing the falls to erode at an accelerated rate, leaving many experts concerned about the long-term viability of the attraction. Conservation efforts are underway to address these issues and protect the falls for future generations.


Victoria Falls is a truly unique and awe-inspiring sight that attracts millions of visitors every year. Its rich history, diverse flora and fauna, and cultural significance make it a must-visit destination for anyone travelling to Africa. However, it is important to remember the environmental challenges facing the falls and to take steps to ensure that this natural wonder can be enjoyed for generations to come.

Whether you are looking for adventure or relaxation, Victoria Falls has something to offer everyone. So why not plan a trip to Zimbabwe or Zambia today and experience the magic of this incredible waterfall for yourself?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *